Motor Vehicle Act 2019 – New Traffic Rules and Penalties in India


The Indian Government recently updated the traffic rules in India with the Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019. The new traffic rules came into effect from September 1st. Since then, the news and social media channels are abuzz with cases of hefty fines being levied for offences that went unnoticed earlier. However, these rules are here to stay and will ensure driver, rider and pedestrian safety on the road in the long run.

In today's post we are sharing an overview of the amendment to traffic rules in India and some simple steps that will help you avoid a hefty fine.


New Traffic Rules and Penalties for Drivers/Riders on the road:



What is it?


General Offences

Violations for which there are no specific penalties under the law.

₹ 500 for the first offence and ₹ 1,500 for subsequent offences

Road regulation violations

Taking a U-turn in a prohibited section, blocking free flow of traffic, not having the security number plates etc.

₹ 500

Disobedience of official orders

Violating orders for detours, stoppage or other traffic management efforts. Disputing/arguing with officials on duty

₹ 2,000

Unauthorized use of vehicles without license

For example, driving a geared scooter when you only have a license for gearless two-wheelers or driving a heavy vehicle while holding a driving license for LMVs.

₹ 1,000 to ₹ 5,000


Driving without license

Not carrying your driving license on person while driving a car or riding a bike

₹ 5,000 and/or community service

Driving despite disqualification

Driving a vehicle when your license has expired or been suspended for a previous infraction

₹ 10,000 and/or community service

Oversized Vehicles

Modifying vehicles for more load bearing or ferrying more people

₹ 5,000 to ₹ 10,000 and/or community service


Driving/riding over the specified speed limits

₹ 1,000 to ₹ 2,000 for Light Motor Vehicles

₹ 2,000 to ₹ 4000 for MPV/HPV and/or driving license impound

Dangerous Driving

Includes offences like jumping red lights, driving on the wrong side etc.

₹ 1,000 to ₹ 5,000 and/or imprisonment of 6 months to 1 year for first offence + seizure of driving license

₹ 10,000 and/or imprisonment up to 2 years for the subsequent offence

Drunk Driving

Driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs

₹ 10,000 and/or imprisonment of 6 months to 1 year for first offence + seizure of driving license

₹ 15,000 and/or imprisonment up to 2 years for the subsequent offence


Racing with other drivers, aggressive driving etc.

₹ 5,000 and/or imprisonment of 1 month + community service

₹ 10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 month for the subsequent violation

Offences related to accidents

Causing an accident, physical injury through rash, dangerous driving or breaking traffic rules

Penalty up to ₹5,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for the first offence

₹10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 year for repeat offenders

Driving when physically or mentally unfit

Driving when tired or sleepy or ill or with a mental issue that needs medical therapy

₹ 1,000 for the first offence

₹ 2,000 for subsequent violations

Vehicles without permit

Driving a vehicle without permission to drive in a particular area or region or state

₹ 10,000 and/or imprisonment up to 6 months + community service


Violations of licensing conditions by cab drivers or transport service providers

₹ 25,000 to ₹ 1,00,000


Hauling cargo above the specified limit for a commercial vehicle

₹ 20,000 + ₹ 2,000 per extra ton

Overloading Passengers

Ferrying passengers above the specified limit for a people's carrier

₹ 1,000 per extra passenger onboard

No seat belts

Driving without a seat belt for the driver, co-passenger or rear passengers

₹ 1,000 and/or community service

Overloading two-wheelers

Riding with more than one pillion rider

₹ 2,000 and disqualification of license for 3 months and/or community service

Riding without a helmet

For both the rider and pillion rider

₹ 1,000 and/or disqualification of license for 3 months + community service

No giving way to emergency vehicles

Obstructing the path of ambulances, fire brigade or police response vans

₹ 10,000 and/or community service

Driving without insurance

Not having a valid insurance certificate for the vehicle

₹ 2,000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the first offence;

₹ 4,000 and/or imprisonment up to 3 months for the repeat offence

Offences by juveniles

Parent/Guardian/Owner of the vehicle shall be deemed guilty. Juvenile to be tried under The Juvenile Justice Act

₹25,000 with 3 years imprisonment and cancellation of the registration of the vehicle for 12 months

Power of officers to impound documents

Suspension of the driving license by on-duty officer


Traffic offences committed by the police

Twice the penalty under the applicable sections of the new traffic laws



Drive safe with Apollo Tyres:


Now that you know about the fines that await reckless drivers and riders on the road, make sure you or a loved one are not one of them by following a few simple tips.


  • Get all the relevant documents such as the RC, Insurance Certificate, Permits and Pollution Control Certificate and place them securely in the glove box of your car or bike. Use a plastic folder or bag to keep the documentation from getting ruined.
  • If you are missing any of the relevant documents get them before you run out of luck with the new laws.
  • Upload the relevant documents to your mobile document locker such as the M-Locker or keep a soft copy saved in your phone. Digital documentation is a valid proof and can help you avoid penalties if you lose the documents or forget them at home.
  • Apart from keeping the documentation ready, make sure that you follow basic safety tips and traffic rules to avoid coming under the scanner. Sometimes, a relatively minor infraction like not wearing the seat-belt or a helmet may lead to heftier fines as the cops stop you and find more faults with your vehicle and driving.
  • Get your car or bike checked at regular intervals to make sure it’s safe to drive. Make sure that safety equipment like the brakes, headlights, taillights, indicators, emergency lights, and car tyres are in good condition. Sometimes a bad brake pad or a worn car tyre may lead to reduced braking efficiency and loss of grip on the road – making you vulnerable to offences related to accidents.

We hope that the new rules will bring some order to the bad traffic conditions in most Indian metro cities. The stiff penalties will deter unruly drivers and riders from breaking traffic rules and ensure safety on the road for everyone. In the meanwhile, it is your responsibility to keep your documents and vehicles in order. So, don’t give the cops a reason to penalize you and get everything up to speed with the new traffic laws today.


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