Tractor Tyres Guide for your Farm and Field Use


Tyres are the contact point between your vehicle and the ground. The power generated by the engine cannot be translated into movement without tyres. Known as traction, the effectiveness of a tyre’s contact with a surface determines how much of the engine’s power can be utilised. Traction is especially important when you are operating heavy vehicles for farm and field use. Vehicles like tractors are designed for rough and tough use, and thus the need for traction is greater than say a tubeless car tyre.

Selecting the right tractor tyres

Tractor tyres are generally built with reinforced shoulder walls and made from high-density compounds which are wear resistant. It makes the treads last longer, enabling multipurpose use of the vehicle. However, when buying tractor tyres, it’s important to take note of the vehicle’s application. There are different types of tractor tyres for haulage and farm use. Tractor tyres for farm use may not give you as much mileage when compared to tractor tyres for haulage and road use.

What are the different types of tractor tyres?

Tractor tires come in a variety of types to suit different applications and terrains. Here are some of the different types of tractor tires:

  1. R-1 Tires: R-1 tires are standard agricultural tires designed for general farming use. They are ideal for plowing and tillage work.
  2. R-1W Tires: R-1W tires are designed for wet conditions and have larger lugs to improve traction in muddy or slippery conditions.
  3. R-2 Tires: R-2 tires are designed for intermediate to heavy duty applications and are commonly used for row crop farming.
  4. R-3 Tires: R-3 tires are designed for heavy-duty applications and provide good traction in muddy conditions. They are commonly used for orchard and vineyard work.
  5. Flotation Tires: Flotation tires are designed to provide maximum flotation on soft or uneven terrain. They are ideal for use in fields with a high soil moisture content.
  6. Industrial Tires: Industrial tires are designed for use on construction equipment and provide good traction on hard surfaces.
  7. Turf Tires: Turf tires are designed for use on lawn and garden tractors and are designed to cause minimal damage to delicate lawns and landscaping.

These are some of the different types of tractor tires available on the market. When selecting tires, it's important to consider the specific needs of your tractor and the type of work you'll be using it for.

Apollo VIRAT Tractor Tyres

Apollo's new ‘VIRAT’ range is an all-rounder, with superior performance in both Agri and Haulage segments, and is available in both, front and rear fitments. It has been developed with 20 lugs, which provide a strong grip and long life in both soft and hard soil conditions. Moreover, the VIRAT range matches the aesthetics of the new tractor models.

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Understanding tractor tyre sizes

Tractor tire sizes can seem confusing, but understanding the different components of a tire size can help make the process easier. Here's what you need to know:

  • Rim Size: The first part of a tire size specifies the diameter of the rim that the tire is designed to fit on. This is typically given in inches.
  • Section Width: The second part of a tire size is the section width, which is the width of the tire from sidewall to sidewall in millimeters.
  • Aspect Ratio: The aspect ratio is the height of the tire sidewall as a percentage of the section width.
  • Construction: The type of construction is indicated by a letter in the tire size. "R" stands for radial construction and "B" stands for bias-ply construction.
  • Load Index: The load index is a number that indicates the maximum load capacity of the tire in kilograms.
  • Speed Rating: The speed rating is a letter that indicates the maximum speed that the tire is designed to handle safely.

So, for example, if a tire is listed as "18.4-30 R1", this means that the tire has a rim diameter of 18.4 inches, a section width of 30 inches, is constructed with radial technology, and has a load index and speed rating specified elsewhere.

It's important to choose the right tire size for your tractor to ensure that it can handle the loads and speeds you need it to and to maintain safe operation.

Construction of tractor tyres

Tractor tires are constructed differently than passenger vehicle tires. Here is how tractor tires are constructed:

  1. Bias-Ply Construction: Bias-ply construction involves layering plies of rubber-coated fabric at alternating angles to create a strong, durable tire. Bias-ply tires are known for their toughness and ability to handle heavy loads, but they tend to ride rougher than radial tires.
  2. Radial Construction: Radial construction involves laying plies of rubber-coated fabric across the tire from bead to bead, with steel belts running perpendicular to the plies for added strength. This construction provides better handling, a smoother ride, and improved fuel efficiency compared to bias-ply tires.
  3. Dual Tires: Dual tires are a pair of tires mounted on the same wheel, typically on the rear of a tractor. Dual tires provide increased stability, handling, and load capacity.
  4. Inner Tubes: Some tractor tires, especially those with lower air pressures, may require inner tubes for proper inflation. Inner tubes are made of a strong, flexible material that holds air inside the tire.

Maintaining ideal air pressure

Tractor tyre life is generally longer than an average car or bike tyre. However, with certain precautions and checks, you can get more mileage out of your tractor tyres and hence save on long-term costs of maintaining the vehicle. As mentioned above, the first step is to pick the right tractor tyre. Then comes keeping a regular check on air pressure of the tractor tyres – front and rear. Maintaining ideal air pressure helps in avoiding uneven tread wear and increases the fuel efficiency of your tractor.

Running with ideal load

Quite often we see overloaded tractor-trailers on the road. It’s not only a very dangerous practice for yourself and other drivers on the road, but also deteriorates tractor and trailer tyres faster. Overloading a vehicle also causes uneven distribution of weight on tyres, hence causing partial tread wear or even tyre burst in extreme cases. To avoid such wear and tear, adhere to the load rating of your tractor tyres and government policies dictating the haulage load.

Apollo Tractor Tyres

Apollo is India’s leading tyre brand and offers several types of tractor tyres for farming and haulage use. Apollo Tyres’ models like the Farmking and Krishak are a favourite among Indian tractor owners and remain the most durable and high-performance tyres in the tractor tyre market. You can check out these tractor tyres at an authorised Apollo Tyres Shop near you and get the tractor tyre price list from there as well.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here we address some of the common queries people have when selecting new tractor tyres.

How long do tractor tires last?

The lifespan of a tractor tire depends on various factors such as the type of tire, the type of work it is used for, the loads it carries, and the terrain it operates on. Here are some general estimates of the lifespan of tractor tires:

  • Bias-Ply Tires: Bias-ply tires are typically more durable than radial tires, and can last up to 10,000 hours or more, depending on use.
  • Radial Tires: Radial tires tend to have a longer lifespan than bias-ply tires, and can last up to 15,000 hours or more, depending on use.
  • Dual Tires: Dual tires, which are a pair of tires mounted on the same wheel, typically have a longer lifespan than single tires, as the weight of the load is distributed over two tires.

How much does a tractor tire cost?

The cost of tractor tires in India varies depending on the size of the tire, the type of tire, the brand, and other factors such as shipping and taxes. The prices for tractor tires in India can range from a few thousand rupees for small, basic tires, to tens of thousands of rupees for larger, high-end tires.

What does R1 mean on tractor tires?

The letter "R" on tractor tires indicates the tire's section width and aspect ratio. The number following the "R" indicates the aspect ratio, which is the height of the tire's sidewall expressed as a percentage of the tire's section width.

For example, if a tractor tire is labeled as "R1", it means that the tire has a radial construction and an aspect ratio of 100, which means that the height of the tire's sidewall is equal to 100% of the tire's section width. This type of tire is typically used for agricultural and farming applications, as it provides good stability and traction on soft and uneven terrain.

What does TT mean on a tractor tire?

The letters "TT" on a tractor tire indicate that the tire is a tubeless tire. Tubeless tires are designed to operate without an inner tube, and are sealed at the rim to prevent air from escaping. This type of tire is commonly used on tractors and other agricultural equipment, as well as on heavy-duty trucks and other vehicles that require durable and long-lasting tires.


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